Monthly Archives: January 2014

Multi-strain Probiotic Reduces Risk of Antibiotic-Associated Diarrhea

A multi-strain probiotic has been found to reduce the risk of antibiotic-associated diarrhea (AAD) and reduce gastrointestinal symptoms in hospitalized patients taking antibiotics according to a recent study published in the journal Vaccine. The formulation contained four strains of Bifidobacterium and Lactobacillus and was taken daily up to seven days after the final antibiotic dosage. Those patients taking a higher…

Unregulated Contaminants Found in Drinking Water

Eighteen unregulated chemicals were found in drinking water from over one-third of US water utilities surveyed, according to a recent study performed by the US Geological Survey (USGS) and the Environmental Protection Agency. Fortunately, chemical concentrations were low. But the long-term consequences of low-level exposure to these chemicals is unknown. Of particular concern are the chemicals on the EPA’s list…

Fiber, Gut Microbes, and Inflammation

When you consider that the human colon houses many trillions of bacteria, you have to wonder at the immune system’s complexity. The intestinal lining houses the gut-associated lymphoid tissue (GALT), which makes up the majority of your immune system. And yet, even though the only separation between these bacteria and the immune system is a one-cell thick layer called the…

Junk Food Impairs Memory within One Week

A diet high in sugar and fat (including cakes, chips, and biscuits) was found to negatively affect memory function after only one week, according to a new study using an animal model, published in the journal Brain, Behavior and Immunity. The researchers also found similar effects of a healthy diet that included access to sugar water, which suggests that the…

Stomach Acid Blockers Linked to B12 Deficiency

Long-term use of medications that block stomach acid production has been found to be associated with vitamin B12 deficiency, according to a recent study published in the Journal of the American Medical Association. Vitamin B12 deficiency can lead to dementia, nerve damage, anemia, and other medical complications. Stomach acid is required to separate B12 from food proteins so that it…

Sugary Beverage Consumption Linked to Endometrial Cancer

Postmenopausal women who have a high intake of sugar-sweetened beverages may be at increased risk of developing the most common type of endometrial cancer compared to women who do not drink sugar-sweetened beverages, according to a recent study published in the journal Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention. The women who drank the most sugary beverages had a 78 percent increased…

Omega-3 Supplements Reach the Brain in People with Alzheimer’s

Omega-3 fatty acid supplements have been found to increase the amount of EPA (eicosapentaenoic acid) and DHA (docosahexaenoic acid) in spinal fluid from the central nervous system of people with Alzheimer’s disease, suggesting that these beneficial fatty acids cross the blood brain barrier, according to a new study published in the Journal of Internal Medicine. Previous studies have found that…

Omega-3 Benefits Dry Age-Related Macular Degeneration

High-dose supplementation with omega-3 EPA and DHA improves vision in people with dry age-related macular degeneration (AMD), according to a recent study published in the journal PharmaNutrition. The high-dose omega-3 supplement consisted of 3.4 grams of EPA (eicosapentaenoic acid) and 1.6 grams of DHA (docosahexaenoic acid) and was taken daily for six months. Age-related macular degeneration is the most common…