Tag: infant

Mother’s Prenatal Stress Affects Infant’s Gut Bacteria

A number of studies have linked stress during pregnancy to premature birth and low birth weight, eczema, asthma, skin condition, and general illness as well as anxiety, attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and impaired cognitive and psychomotor development.1 The reasons for these associations is not completely understood. Some researchers believe that gut microbes play a role. Intestinal microbes affect the development…

Low-Dose Antibiotics During Early Infancy Trigger Obesity Later in Life

Early life is a critical development period in many respects, and particularly as it relates to gut microbial composition. Even before birth, gut microbes are transferred from mother to fetus, a transfer that continues during birth and later via breast milk. Once established, gut microbes in the infant play a protective role on the infant’s health. A disturbance of gut…

Changes in Gut Microbes of Infants Greater than We Thought

It has generally been considered that an infant’s gut microbial composition resembles that of an adult by the age of about 12 months. Gut bacterial composition during the first year of life is in flux, with great variation seen between infants and even within the same infant over time. A recent study is changing how we view the early establishment…

Cesarean Section Linked to Increased Risk of Obesity Later in Life

The rate of cesarean-section births in many countries is over 15 percent, and in some settings, cesarean delivery has become more common than vaginal delivery. Cesarean-section birth is medically necessary in many cases, but not in all cases. A recent meta-analysis published in the International Journal of Obesity found that cesarean section is associated with a 33 percent increased risk…

Breast Milk Discovered to Contain Probiotic Bacteria

Breast milk is considered nature’s perfect food. Breast milk contains everything an infant needs to grow and develop, including nutrients, immune factors, and prebiotic fibers known as oligosaccharides. It was once thought that the prebiotics found in breast milk were responsible for helping to establish beneficial bacteria in the digestive tracts of growing infants, but a new study is adding…

Breastfeeding May Protect Against ADHD

Breastfeeding, when possible, is one of the best ways for a mother to give her infant a healthy head start in life. Babies who are breast fed establish a healthy balance of bacteria in their intestines, rich in beneficial bifidobacteria. An early diet of nature’s perfect food confers a number of benefits to the recipient babies, including possible protection against…

High Carb Intake during Infancy

The Standard American Diet (SAD) is notably a high-carbohydrate diet (among its many other unhealthy features), which is a big reason why I advocate against this diet. Many people are reducing carbohydrate intake from sugars and starchy foods such as breads, pastas, and cereals. But are we taking a close enough look at infant diets? A recent study published in…

Overdiagnosis of Reflux in Infants

Diagnosis of reflux in colicky infants is on the rise. Unfortunately, this means that doctor’s recommendation of acid-suppressing medication in infants is also on the rise. Is it that infants have more reflux than they did in the past, or are doctors overdiagnosing reflux (just as they do in adults)? According to a recent study published in the journal Pediatrics,…